Importance of Conservation of Water
Importance of Conservation of Water / Water, Water Everywhere…
With only 1% of water available for human consumption, doesn’t it make sense that we should treat our water supply with more respect?
Water conservation should not be considered an option any longer. Current circumstances require our full attention if we hope to thrive as a civilization.
If these statements sound dramatic, it is because much of the world is currently suffering due to a lack of clean water.
Importance of Conservation of Water / Stats
Statistics reveal that our fresh water supply is practically nonexistent.
Water Conservation Statistics
Water is the source of life on this planet. If you look at the earth’s surface and see that 70 per cent of it is water, it may be hard to grasp that many parts of the world are suffering from a lack of this seemingly abundant resource. Of all the water present on earth 97.5% of it is not fit to drink.
Only 2.5% of water is consumable, with one third frozen in the form of glaciers and polar ice. The water left for human use is roughly 1% of the total water present.
In order to fulfill the demands of consumption, the water from rainfall is collected in huge dams and is purified to make it drinkable. These filtering and detoxifying methods require sufficient funding.
Because of the technological and financial resources needed to make water fit to drink, many economically challenged countries simply go without.
Our world needs help on a commercial level as well so that our waste can be controlled in such areas as agriculture and irrigation.
Demands are increasing every year for water while resources are becoming more and more limited. Since many individuals are unaware (or, sadly, just don’t care) that this issue needs attention, it is up to more informed and proactive individuals and companies to take up the slack.
A 40% increase is expected in water demand over the period of next two decades. The increase in water demand is a contribution of various factors including growing population, increased agricultural needs, industrial use of water and water needed for electricity production.
3 Reasons Why Water Conservation is Important
Reason #1: Without fresh water you will die in just a few days. Plain and simple, no sugar coating, it is a simple morbid fact that helps drive the point across, water equals life. Most of us learn this along the way, so why are you complacent when you see fertilizers, oil and other pollutants pour into rivers and streams each time it rains? Would you eat a fish with some weed killer marinade, or drink water with a nice motor oil sheen on top?
Reason #2: Using less water keeps money in your pocket. By utilizing basic water conservation techniques you are able to save thousands of gallons of water each year. You do the math, use less water and the water company charges you less money. That sounds like a good deal all around.
Reason #3: Conserving water can also save energy. In order to pump the water from a central facility into your home or office, energy is required to run that equipment. For example, studies have shown that in California alone, 6.5 percent of all energy consumed goes towards moving water from one place to another.
Tips on How to Water Landscaping Efficiently
Recent studies indicate that for most American households, up to 50% of their water usage is for outdoor watering of lawns and gardens. Watering efficiently will help you conserve water and save money, it also creates a healthier landscaping since over watering can promote fungus growth and other diseases
Water only when needed: Water your plants and lawn only when they need it. (Smart Technology 1. Moisture sensors 2. ET) Over watered grass has short roots that make it more difficult to survive droughts, water shortages, pests and diseases. Make sure you follow the local water use restrictions in your area as well.
• Take advantage of your free water resource – the rain: Put controller with a mini weather station in your yard to track rainfall and weather or use moisture sensors so that you will know if the yard has enough water, helping you avoid unnecessary watering
• Use an automatic rain shutoff?: While using a rain gauge sounds like a good idea. What most people are unaware of is that a lot of times when it rains there are two different types of rain fall. 1. Effective rainfall 2. In effective rainfall. Effective rainfall is the rain that is able to be absorbed by the soil so that the plant may use it. When it rains 1” in an hour most of that rain is considered ineffective. Because most soils can only intake water at .10” an hour to .30” an hour. So if you get a huge down pour that rains an inch in an hour a lot of that water is ineffective. So using a rain gauge is not always the best option. Because they use a cork basically like a sponge when the sponge absorbs say a ½” of water it shuts down the entire system. Well depending on the amount of rain we get we may not want to shutoff the entire system. There are most likely full sun areas in your yard that need more water than the full shade areas. Also you will have Turf grass that will need more water than your shrubs or trees. So these are reasons why we do not want to shut off the entire irrigation when it rains. When it rains how fast it applied that rain is what we are concerned with. We may not want to totally shut off irrigation. So that’s why what we want is a ET system that has a tipping gauge that measures the amount of water and how fast we got that rain to determine if it was effective or not. Also a Moisture sensor would be a great benefit. Because it will be the most effective at determining how much of that rain reached the root zone. The benefit with moisture sensors is you will likely have multiple sensors on your yard for sun areas shade areas, so you can determine for different plant types and sun areas which area needs shut off after rain and which areas still need to irrigate. Any rain gauge that is a common interrupt style device is not a good option. Stay away from this style.
• Use low volume irrigation: Install a drip in your plant beds. Make sure to keep drip laid in a uniform application. Size the drip type with soil type. The lower the rate the better for tighter soils like clay. The faster the rate the better for more sandy soils. Make sure to staple the drip every 16” to keep it in contact with the soil so you get water were you want it. Or barrie the drip 2”-3”. This type of system uses water more efficiently than the traditional spray heads.
• Optimize your sprinkler system
An irrigation system has good uniformity when nearly an equal amount of water is deposited on each square area foot of irrigated surface area. This is important for turf, where every square inch of area is covered with relatively dense root system. Trees and shrubs get water from a wider and deeper root zone. In this case, uniformity would be lower at the square foot level. Pressure also affects DU
• A single sprinkler head typically is not designed to distribute water evenly across a given area. Most water being applied by a single sprinkler is around the head. The farther from the head that you are, the less amount of water is being applied. This is why sprinklers must be placed at the same spacing to ensure even uniformity.
• With less than 1% of all freshwater available for human consumption, watering your landscaping efficiently is a must, especially when living a sustainable lifestyle. These practices help reduce the cost and need for developing new water supplies, leaving more water in the reservoirs and rivers for wildlife, recreation and drinking.